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Same-sex sexual behavior and evolution
posted on August 14, 2009 04:30:15 am
Nathan W. Bailey, Marlene Zuk. Same-sex sexual behavior has been extensively documented in non-human animals. Here we review the contexts in which it has been studied, focusing on case studies that have tested both adaptive and....

The jellyfish joyride: causes, consequences and management responses to a more gelatinous future
posted on August 14, 2009 04:30:15 am
Anthony J. Richardson, Andrew Bakun, Graeme C. Hays, Mark J. Gibbons. Human-induced stresses of overfishing, eutrophication, climate change, translocation and habitat modification appear to be promoting jellyfish (pelagic cnidarian and ctenophore) blooms to the detr....

Gene flow and species delimitation
posted on August 14, 2009 04:30:15 am
Rémy J. Petit, Laurent Excoffier. A defining feature of species is that their constituting populations are connected by gene flow. However, interspecific gene flow (introgression) can affect species integrity. If some genome compo....

Speed–accuracy tradeoffs in animal decision making
posted on August 14, 2009 04:30:15 am
Lars Chittka, Peter Skorupski, Nigel E. Raine. The traditional emphasis when measuring performance in animal cognition has been overwhelmingly on accuracy, independent of decision time. However, more recently, it has become clear that tradeoff....

Adaptive radiation, nonadaptive radiation, ecological speciation and nonecological speciation
posted on August 14, 2009 04:30:15 am
Rebecca J. Rundell, Trevor D. Price. Radiations of ecologically and morphologically differentiated sympatric species can exhibit the pattern of a burst of diversification, which might be produced by ecological divergence between popu....

Coalescent genealogy samplers: windows into population history
posted on August 14, 2009 04:30:15 am
Mary K. Kuhner. Coalescent genealogy samplers attempt to estimate past qualities of a population, such as its size, growth rate, patterns of gene flow or time of divergence from another population, based on sampl....

How feasible is the biological control of coral diseases?
posted on August 14, 2009 04:30:15 am
Max Teplitski, Kim Ritchie. The worldwide decline of coral reefs necessitates the development of strategies aimed at controlling coral disease. As a result, various biological approaches are being considered as tools for cor....

Generalized linear mixed models: a practical guide for ecology and evolution
posted on August 14, 2009 04:30:15 am
Benjamin M. Bolker, Mollie E. Brooks, Connie J. Clark, Shane W. Geange, John R. Poulsen, M. Henry H. Stevens, Jada-Simone S. White. How should ecologists and evolutionary biologists analyze nonnormal data that involve random effects? Nonnormal data such as counts or proportions often defy classical statistical procedures. Gene....

Cultural evolution and the human predicament
posted on August 14, 2009 04:30:15 am
Paul R. Ehrlich. For decades, scientists have been calling for action to halt environmental degradation, and there has been a substantial (but variable) response from the ecological and evolutionary research commu....

Splicing in the eukaryotic ancestor: form, function and dysfunction
posted on August 14, 2009 04:30:15 am
Scott William Roy, Manuel Irimia. Comparative genomics has begun to unravel the evolutionary history of transcript splicing in eukaryotes. The last common ancestor of modern eukaryotes is now known to have had at least moderately ....

Designer landscapes for sustainable biofuels
posted on August 14, 2009 04:30:15 am
Lian Pin Koh, Patrice Levang, Jaboury Ghazoul. Oil palm is one of the most extensively cultivated biodiesel feedstocks worldwide, and expansion of its cultivation poses a significant threat to ecosystems, biodiversity and potentially the globa....

Systematic long-term observations of the global carbon cycle
posted on August 14, 2009 04:30:15 am
R.J. Scholes, P.M.S. Monteiro, C.L. Sabine, J.G. Canadell. Imagine a meeting convened to avert a global financial crisis where none of the finance ministers had access to reliable information on changes in the stock market, national gross domestic product....

Evolution is intelligent design
posted on August 14, 2009 04:30:15 am
Robert Costanza.

Male lactation: why, why not and is it care?
posted on August 14, 2009 04:30:15 am
Thomas H. Kunz, David J. Hosken. Mammals are characterised by their ability to provision offspring with milk, but lactation is normally restricted to females. Why do most males not share this trait? The morphological and physiolo....

The honeybee waggle dance: can we follow the steps?
posted on August 14, 2009 04:30:15 am
Christoph Grüter, Walter M. Farina. The honeybee (Apis mellifera) waggle dance, whereby dancing bees communicate the location of profitable food sources to other bees in the hive, is one of the most celebrated communication b....

Madagascar as a model region of species diversification
posted on August 14, 2009 04:30:15 am
Miguel Vences, Katharina C. Wollenberg, David R. Vieites, David C. Lees. Tropical biotas provide excellent settings in which to explore mechanisms of evolutionary diversification, yet these processes remain poorly understood. Pioneering work on biodiversity patterns an....

Smelling global climate change: mitigation of function for plant volatile organic compounds
posted on August 14, 2009 04:30:15 am
Joshua S. Yuan, Sari J. Himanen, Jarmo K. Holopainen, Feng Chen, C. Neal Stewart. Plant volatile organic compounds (VOCs) have important roles in plant adaptation to the environment and serve as infochemicals in multitrophic interactions. Global climate change factors, such as ....

Social insect symbionts: evolution in homeostatic fortresses
posted on August 14, 2009 04:30:15 am
David P. Hughes, Naomi E. Pierce, Jacobus J. Boomsma. The massive environmentally buffered nests of some social insects can contain millions of individuals and a wide variety of parasites, commensals and mutualists. We suggest that the ways in which ....

Gene tree discordance, phylogenetic inference and the multispecies coalescent
posted on August 14, 2009 04:30:15 am
James H. Degnan, Noah A. Rosenberg. The field of phylogenetics is entering a new era in which trees of historical relationships between species are increasingly inferred from multilocus and genomic data. A major challenge for incorp....

Evolutionary consequences of cryptic genetic variation
posted on August 14, 2009 04:30:15 am
Katrina McGuigan, Carla M. Sgrò. Phenotypic evolution depends on heritable variation in phenotypes. A central aim of evolutionary biology, therefore, is to understand how processes generating phenotypic variation interact with se....

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